Trabuco, A Game Changer In The History Of War

Trabuco is a weapon that was used during a siege. It was capable of firing projectiles over the walls into the enemy’s territory. It was also able to propel stones that would demolish walls creating an entry for soldiers. Trabuco and the catapult share similarities although its pioneers, the Chinese, got the idea from the sling. They thought that a larger version of the sling would cause more damage to their rivals thus its inception.

The Trabuco was a terrifying and precise weapon during the middle ages, it was cheap to maintain and easy to manufacture, but the damage it inflicted was catastrophic. During the crusades, the westerners saw the workings of the Trabuco and were impressed. When they went back to Europe, they incorporated it in their warfare arsenal. Despite the fact that its main use was for war, prisoners would sometimes be punished by being flung across the air with the Trabuco landing to their death. According to Generals at times ordered their army to fling the heads of the captured and killed enemy combatants back to their base as a sign of psychological torture.


Trabuco was easy to operate, depending on the number of men who would load the stone and use their strength to pull the string and release. Its ability to lift and catapult massive stones than normal human arms was a key selling point. Trabuco appliance entailed the transformation of gravitational energy into kinetic energy as it went through the air to its objective making it a very effective weapon. An army that had it in their cache had the upper hand in a fight. The only problem with using the Trabuco was striking its target since it did not have a directional system thus it would miss its intended mark.

During the 4th, 5th and 6th centuries, the Trabuco became a game changer during a battle, and any army that sought to conquer a new town or penetrate a fortress needed it in their arsenal. The discovery of the gunpowder, however, put an end to the use of the Trabuco since using gunpowder in a canon was more precise in striking its mark and did not need a lot of manpower.


Categories: Medieval Weapon